A helminthic invasion causes different symptoms in adults, depending on the class of the parasite in the body and where it likes to settle.
Types and manifestations
The parasites that can live in the human body are divided into roundworms (called nematodes) and flatworms (tapeworms and flukes).
There is another classification:
- Contact helminths.These include pinworms, which cause enterrebiosis, and dwarf tapeworms, which cause hymenolepiasis. Infection with these parasites occurs, as the name of the group suggests, through contact with personal items, dishes that live with infected people in the same premises. The characteristic symptoms of infection with such worms are itching in the anus and perineum, which intensifies at night; If it gets into the vagina, it can cause all kinds of diseases of the female genital area. Abdominal pain, indigestion.
- Geohelminthslive in the ground. They get to their owner by mouth and stool method through unwashed or inadequately treated hands, vegetables, fruits and other fruits, when bathing in fresh water bodies and drinking water from them, through dishes that are washed in contaminated water. The most common biohelminths are roundworms, whipworms, hookworms and necators. They cause rashes in the form of hives or allergic skin rashes, manifest themselves in pain and abdominal pain, as well as nausea, decreased or completely absent appetite. The liver is affected by parasites and its work is disrupted. With multiple infections with geohelminths, an increased amount of eosiniphiles in the blood is diagnosed. There have been cases when constipation and even rupture of the intestines occurred due to the accumulation of parasites, which led to peritonitis.
- Biohelminthsreach humans via intermediate carriers of parasites. This class of helminths includes tapeworms - pork and cattle, nematodes, trematodes, cestodes. They get to humans through undercooked meat and fish, lightly salted caviar and lightly salted fish of various races, who prefer to live in freshwater reservoirs. Infestation with biohelminths is characterized by alternating constipation with diarrhea, while in the feces you can see fragments (strobila) of such parasites; There is pain in the abdomen, weight loss, manifestations of anemia that occur due to the fact that parasites absorb the lion's share of the vitamins, proteins and iron that a person needs.
Important!The invasion of helminths in adults also has general symptoms: rashes, swelling and swollen lymph nodes, weakness, fatigue, pain in joints, muscles and abdomen, stool disorders and the presence of blood, paleness of the skin.
If symptoms of helminth invasion appear in adults and proper treatment is not carried out, serious physical damage such as allergic myocarditis, meningeal ciphalitis, hepatitis and other diseases of the liver and gallbladder, pneumonia, lesions of the nervous system, pancreatitis and many others can occur.
As soon as the slightest suspicion and the slightest symptoms of a worm infection have arisen, you should definitely consult a doctor. He will prescribe certain types of tests and, based on their results, prescribe treatment. First of all, an analysis is prescribed for the eggs of worms. To do this, a small amount of fresh feces (about a teaspoon) is donated for research in a laboratory facility. The container for collecting feces should be made of plastic or glass with a rigid lid.
Important!The longer the time from spontaneous bowel movements to analysis, the lower the accuracy. For a complete picture, such an analysis is submitted several times with an interval of 3-4 days.
Scraping from the anal area is considered to be no less effective analysis. Blood and urine tests are also done. According to their indicators, one can also assume the presence of certain parasites. Additional examinations of sputum, bile, rectal mucus, ultrasound and tomography, endoscopy and endobiopsy may also be prescribed.
Treatment of worm infestation
After the helminth infestation has been determined, the doctor will prescribe treatment. The drugs used for this are prescribed depending on the diagnosis.
Important!It happens that one of the drugs causes an individual intolerance and side effects. In this case, the attending physician adjusts the treatment.
There are a lot of people who have been tested for centuries for treating helminth invasions. These include pumpkin seeds, decoctions and infusions of herbs like wormwood and tansy, milk-enriched garlic, walnut membranes, cloves and cinnamon spices, and corn silk.
There are even recipes that use foods from the daily diet, such as sauerkraut or radishes, carrots or white beans.
Preventing helminth invasions should not be a one-off measure, but rather an ongoing measure. After all, everyone knows that it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it later. The simplest preventive measure is to keep it clean! Wash your hands after visiting and transporting crowded places, going to the bathroom and handling money, petting your pet, and digging around the garden.
Get in the habit of washing yourself thoroughly under running water and then pouring boiling water over fruits, vegetables, and other fruits that are served raw. Do not drink water from natural reservoirs and springs (springs, springs) without boiling. Do not use it for drinking, washing dishes, or eating.
Meat and fish lovers should be careful not to disturb the technology and the cooking time. A kebab or steak with blood is, of course, very tasty, but full of helminths that cause very unpleasant symptoms in adults.